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Critical Theory Explained
Critical Theorist: Michael Apple
Critical Theorist: Paolo Freire
Critical Theorist: Henry Giroux
Critical Theorist: Peter McLaren
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Rage and Hope
Michael Apple

Values & Politics

  1. Epistemological.What should count as knowledge? As knowing? Should we take a behavioral position and one that divides knowledge and knowing into cognitive, affective, and psycho-motor areas, or do we need a less reductive and more integrated picture of knowledge and the mind, one that stresses knowledge as process?
  2. Political. Who shall control the selection and distribution of knowledge? Through what institutions?
  3. Economic. How is the control of knowledge linked to the existing and unequal distribution of power, goods, and services in society?
  4. Ideological. What knowledge is of most worth? Whose knowledge is it?
  5. Technical. How shall curricular knowledge be made accessible to students?
  6. Aesthetics. How do we link the curriculum knowledge to the biography and person meanings of the student? How do we act "artfully" as curriculum designers and teachers in doing this?
  7. Ethical. How shall we treat others responsibly and justly in education? What ideas of moral conduct and community serve as the underpinnings of the ways students and teachers are treated?
  8. Historical. What traditions in the field already exist to help us answer these questions? What other resources do we need to go further? (page 5)
  9. Back

  Critical Theorists: Michael Apple Values & Politics Denunciation Reproduction, Contestation & Curriculum Power/Knowledge/Pedagogy  

    Learning in Schools Cultural Capital & Official Knowledge An Interview with Michael Apple Other Sites Online  
Updated: 11/24/99
Laurie Williams